Type of sanitization
Sanitization is a pragmatic approach to tackle the issues associated with infection and contamination. The crucial requirement of sanitization in recent pandemic paves an area of active research to cater to any health crisis in the future spread of unpredictable disease(s). Sanitization as an area of interdisciplinary research needs a central focus in the longer run. One should address the community level spread of disease at individual scales before handling it on a social scale. Individual sanitization helps in reducing the mammoth spread of virus and prevents it from taking a colossal shape for the society as a whole. Crowd is made of individuals who are a part of a crowd, so it is incumbent on every individual to act for the benefit of the larger group. Masks and etiquettes of sneezing have largely been promoted since the outbreak of a pandemic. Different regulatory bodies have also stressed the central role of hand sanitization.
Germs are everywhere! They can get onto hands and items we touch during daily activities and make us sick. Cleaning hands at key times with soap and water or hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol is one of the most important steps you can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to those around you.
There are important differences between washing hands with soap and water and using hand sanitizer. Soap and water work to remove all types of germs from hands, while sanitizer acts by killing certain germs on the skin. Although alcohol-based hand sanitizers can quickly reduce the number of germs in many situations, they should be used in the right situations. Soap and water are more effective than hand sanitizers at removing certain kinds of germs like norovirus, Cryptosporidium, and Clostridioides difficile, as well as chemicals.
Hand sanitizers also may not remove harmful chemicals, such as pesticides and heavy metals like lead.
Handwashing reduces the amounts of all types of germs, pesticides, and metals on hands. Knowing when to clean your hands and which method to use will give you the best chance of preventing sickness.
Sanitization for surfaces and for ambience can tackle the spread of COVID-19 virus in professional and domestic spaces. The following sections briefly review the required sanitization process.